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Abortifacient - induces abortion

Adjuvant - aids the action of a medicinal agent

Alterative - restores health through gradual repair of bodily functions

Analeptic - has a restorative or stimulating effect on central nervous system

Analgesic - relieves pain

Anaphrodisiac - reduces capacity for sexual arousal

Anesthetic - induces loss of sensation or consciousness due to the depression of nerve function

Antianemic - prevents or cures anemia

Antibacterial - destroys or stops the growth of bacteria

Antibilious - eases stomach stress

Anticatarrh - reduces inflamed mucous membranes of head and throat

Antidepressant - acts to prevent, cure, or alleviate mental depression

Antidiabetic - prevents or relieves diabetes

Antidiarrhetic- substances used to prevent or treat diarrhea

Antiemetic - stops vomiting

Antifungal - treats and inhibits fungi

Anti-inflammatory - reduces swelling; which provides relief from tenderness and pain

Antihemorrhagic - controls hemorrhaging or bleeding

Anti-infectous - counteracts infection

Antimalarial - prevents or relieves malaria

Antimicrobial - destroys and/or inhibits the growth of microorganisms

Antioxidant - retards damaging effects of oxidation

Antipruritic - prevents or relieves itching

Antipyretic - agent that reduces fever (febrifuge)

Antirheumatic - eases pain of rheumatism; inflammation of joints and muscles

Antiseptic - agent used to produce asepsis and to remove pus, blood, etc.

Antispasmodic - calms nervous and muscular spasms or convulsions

Antitussive - controls or prevents coughing

Antiviral - opposes the action of a virus

Aperient - a very mild laxative

Aperitive - stimulates the appetite for food

Aphrodisiac - increases capacity for sexual arousal

Asepsis - a condition free of germs, infection, and any form of life; sterile

Astringent - cleanses skin and promotes contraction of pores

Bitter - stimulates appetite or digestive function

Cardiotonic - increases strength and tone (normal tension or response to stimuli) of the heart

Carminative - aids digestion by promoting gas expulsion from the stomach and bowel

Catarrhal - pertaining to the inflammation of mucous membranes of the head and throat

Cathartic - an active purgative, produces bowel movements

Cholagogue - an agent that increases flow of bile from gallbladder

Cicatrizant - aids formation of scar-tissue and healing wounds

Counterirritant - agent producing an inflammatory response for affecting an adjacent area

Demulcent - soothes and/or protects irritated mucous membrane; softens, tempers

Dermatitis - inflammation of the skin evidenced my itchiness, redness, and various lesions

Diaphoretic - causes perspiration

Diuretic - promotes an increase in urination

Dysmenorrhea - painful menstruation

Dyspepsia - imperfect or painful digestion

Ecbolic - tends to increase contractions of uterus, facilitating childbirth

Effervescent - gives off gas bubbles (in a liquid)

Emetic - produces vomiting

Emmenagogue - agent that regulates and induces normal menstruation

Emollient - softens and soothes the skin

Errhine - brings on sneezing, increasing flow of mucus in nasal passages

Escharotic - a caustic substance that destroys tissue and causes sloughing

Estrogenic - causes the production of estrogen

Euphoriant - produces a sense of bodily comfort; temporary effect and often addictive

Exfoliant - gently abrasive product which removes dead cells from the skin

Expectorant - facilitates removal of secretions

Febrifuge - an agent that reduces or relieves a fever

Flatulence - excessive gas in the stomach or intestine

Galactagogue - an agent that promotes the flow of milk

Hemagogue - an agent that promotes the flow of blood

Hemostatic - controls or stops the flow of blood

Hepatic - having to do with the liver

Herpetic - treats skin eruptions relating to the herpes virus

Humectant - causes skin to absorb and retain moisture

Hypertensive - raises blood pressure

Hypoglycemant - agent that lowers blood sugar

Hypotensive - lowers blood pressure

Llactifuge - reduces the flow of milk

Laxative - substance that acts to loosen the bowels contents

Masticatory - increases flow of saliva upon chewing

Narcotic - induces drowsiness, sleep, or stupor and lessons pain

Nervine - a nerve tonic

Neuralgia - severe sharp pain along the course of a nerve

Parturfaciant - induces contractions of labor at childbirth

Purgative - laxative, causes the evacuation of intestinal contents

Regenerative - replaces skin tissue through new growth

Resorbent - aids reabsorption of blood from bruises

Rheumatism - a general term for acute or chronic conditions characterized by inflammation of the muscles and joints

Rubefacient - irritates the skin, causing redness

Sedative - exerts a soothing, tranquilizing effect on the body

Soporific - induces sleep

Stimulant - temporarily increases body or organ function

Stomachic - aids the stomach and digestion action

Sudorific - acts to increase perspiration

Tonic - a substance that increases strength and tone